This study looked at the differences between men and women in their mapmaking. They looked specifically to see how different factors of the person they were directing with the map would affect their mapmaking. They were given a description of the wayfarer based on gender, age, and familiarity with the campus, and those making the maps had ranked themselves according to familiarity with the campus and confidence that their map would get the wayfarer to the destination without difficulty. They were either asked to draw a simple route or a complex route.
The results were fairly unsurprising. Men's maps seemed to be more detailed and helpful, and more often included cardinal values. They were also more confident. They thought this may be because men are stereotypically more associated with maps.
I decided to pick this article because we had just read the one on how blind children navigated. The article did not focus, however, on whether the person asking for directions was foreign or of the same. This seems like a more pressing matter in the world in terms of a lost person in a different country, rather than someone who just wants to find something on a campus community where there are, typically, maps anyway.